Sport includes all forms of competitivephysical activity or games. Through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills. While providing enjoyment to participants, and in some cases, entertainment for spectators.
Hundreds of sports exist, from those between single contestants, through to those with hundreds of simultaneous participants. Either in teams or competing as individuals. In certain such as racing, many contestants may compete, simultaneously or consecutively, with one winner. In others words, the contest (a match) is between two sides, each attempting to exceed the other.
Sport is generally recognised as system of activities which are based in physical athleticism or physical dexterity. With the largest major competitions such as the Olympic Games admitting only sports meeting this definition. Other organisations such as the Council of Europe using definitions precluding activities without a physical element from classification as sports. However, a number of competitive, but non-physical, activities claim recognition as mind sports.
The International Olympic Committee (through ARISF) recognises both chess and bridge as bonafide sports, and SportAccord. The international sports federation association, recognises five non-physical sports. Bridge, chess, draughts (checkers), Go and xiangqi, and limits the number of mind games which can be admitted as sports.
Sport is usually governed by a set of rules or customs, which serve to ensure fair competition. It allow consistent adjudication of the winner. Winning can be determined by physical events such as scoring goals or crossing a line first. It can also be determined by judges who are scoring elements of the sporting performance. Which including objective or subjective measures such as technical performance or artistic impression.
Records of performance are often kept, and for popular sports. This information may be widely announced or reported in sport news. Sport is also a major source of entertainment for non-participants. With spectator sport drawing large crowds to sport venues, and reaching wider audiences through broadcasting. Sport betting is in some cases severely regulated, and in some cases is central to the sport.
According to A.T. Kearney, a consultancy, the global sporting industry is worth up to $620 billion as of 2013. The world’s most accessible and practised sport is running. While association football is its most popular spectator sport.
Sportsmanship is an attitude that strives for fair play. Courtesy toward teammates and opponents, ethical behaviour and integrity, and grace in victory or defeat.
In other words, Sportsmanship expresses an aspiration or ethos that the activity will be enjoyed for its own sake. Therefore, the well-known sentiment by sports journalist Grantland Rice. That it’s “not that you won or lost but how you played the game”, and the modern Olympic creed expressed by its founder Pierre de Coubertin. “The most important thing… is not winning but taking part” are typical expressions of this sentiment.
Key principles of sport include that the result should not be predetermined. Both sides should have equal opportunity to win. Rules are in place to ensure fair play. Participants can break these rules in order to gain advantage.
Participants may cheat in order to unfairly increase their chance of winning. In order to achieve other advantages such as financial gains. The widespread existence of gambling on the results of sports fixtures creates a motivation for match fixing. Where a participant or participants deliberately work to ensure a given outcome rather than simply playing to win.
Violence in sports involves crossing the line between fair competition and intentional aggressive violence. Athletes, coaches, fans, and parents sometimes unleash violent behavior on people. Therefore, in misguided shows of loyalty. Dominance. Anger. Or celebration. Rioting or hooliganism by fans in particular is a problem at some national.
Do not imagine that there is any bird more easily caught by decoy. Nor any fish sooner fixed on the hook by wormy bait. Therefore, all these poor fools neatly tricked into servitude by the slightest feather passed. So to speak, before their mouths. Truly it is a marvelous thing. Due to which, they let themselves be caught so quickly at the slightest tickling of their fancy. Plays, farces, spectacles, gladiators, strange beasts, medals, pictures, and other such opiates. These were for ancient peoples the bait toward slavery. The price of their liberty, the instruments of tyranny. By these practices and enticements the ancient dictators so successfully lulled their subjects under the yoke, that the stupefied peoples, fascinated by the pastimes and vain pleasures flashed before their eyes, learned subservience as naïvely, but not so creditably, as little children learn to read by looking at bright picture books.