Category: Wonders

Wonders of the World

This article is about natural and construct phenomena and structures of the world. Furthermore uses of “Wonders of the World”, see (disambiguation).

Various lists of the them have been compile from antiquity to the present day. Even more, to catalog the world’s most spectacular natural wonders and man made structures.

Seven Wonders of the Ancient World:

The Great Pyramid of Giza, the only wonder of the ancient world still in existence.

The historian Herodotus (484 – c. 425 BC) and the scholar Callimachus of Cyrene (c. 305–240 BC). At the Museum of Alexandria, made early lists of seven wonders. Their writings have not survive, except as references.

Great Pyramid of Giza, El Giza, Egypt

The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops). It is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. This is only one to remain largely intact.

Based on a mark in an interior chamber naming the work gang and a reference to the fourth dynasty. Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu, some Egyptologists believe. That the pyramid was thus built as a tomb over a 10- to 20-year period concluding around 2560 BC. Initially at 146.5 metres (481 feet). The Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structurein the world for more than 3,800 years. Until Lincoln Cathedral was finish in 1311 AD. Originally, the Great Pyramid was covered by limestone that formed a smooth outer surface. What is seen today is the underlying core structure. Some of the casing stones that once cover the structure can still be seen around the base.

Colossus of Rhodes, in Rhodes, Greek island

The Colossus of Rhodes was a statue of the Greek sun-god Helios, erect in the city of Rhodes. On the Greek island of the same name, by Chares of Lindos in 280 BC. One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was construct to celebrate Rhodes’ victory over the ruler of Cyprus, Antigonus I Monophthalmus. Whose son Demetrius I of Macedon unsuccessfully besiege Rhodes in 305 BC. According to most contemporary descriptions. The Colossus stood approximately 70 cubits, or 33 metres (108 feet) high. The approximate height of the modern Statue of Liberty from feet to crown. Which making it the tallest statue of the ancient world. It collapse during the earthquake of 226 BC; although parts of it were preserve, it was never rebuilt.

Hanging Gardens of Babylon, in Babylon, Iraq

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World as list by Hellenic culture. It describe as a remarkable feat of engineering with an ascending series of tier gardens. It is containing a wide variety of trees, shrubs, and vines, resembling a large green mountain construct of mud bricks. And said to have been built in the ancient city of Babylon, near present day HillahBabil province, Iraq. Its name is derive from the Greek word kremastós(“overhanging”). It has a broader meaning than the modern English word “hanging”. It refers to trees being plant on a raised structure such as a terrace.

Lighthouse of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt

The Lighthouse of Alexandria, sometimes known as the Pharos of Alexandria was a lighthouse built by the Ptolemaic Kingdom. During the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus (280–247 BC). Which has been estimate to be 100 meters (330 ft) in overall height. One of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World for many centuries. It was one of the tallest man-made structures in the world.

Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, Halicarnassus, Achaemenid Empire, modern day Turkey

The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus or Tomb of Mausolus was a tomb built between 353 and 350 BC. At Halicarnassus (present BodrumTurkey) for Mausolus, a satrap in the Persian Empire. His sister-wife Artemisia II of Caria. The structure was design by the Greek architects Satyros and Pythius of Priene. Its elevate tomb structure is derive from the tombs of neighboring Lycia. A territory Mausolus had invade and annex circa 460 BC, such as the Nereid Monument.

Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Olympia, Greece

The Statue of Zeus at Olympia was a giant seat figure, about 13 m (43 ft) tall. It was made by the Greek sculptor Phidias around 435 BC at the sanctuary of Olympia, Greece. Therefore, it erect in the Temple of Zeus there.

chryselephantine sculpture of ivory plates and gold panels on a wooden framework. While it represent the god Zeus on a cedar-wood throne ornament with ebony, ivory, gold and precious stones.

Above all, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the statue was lost and destroy during the 5th century AD. Another detail of its form are known only from ancient Greek descriptions and representations on coins.

Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, Ephesus, Turkey

The Temple of Artemis also known less precisely as the Temple of Diana, was a Greek temple dedicate to an ancient. Likewise, it is local form of the goddess Artemis (associated with Diana, a Roman goddess). Furthermore, it was located in Ephesus (near the modern town of Selçuk in present-day Turkey). As a result, that was completely rebuilt twice. Once after a devastating flood and three hundred years later after an act of arson. And in its final form was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. By 401 AD it had been ruin or destroy. Only foundations and fragments of the last temple remain at the site.

Lists from other eras

In the 19th and early 20th centuries, some writers wrote their own lists with names such as Wonders of the Middle Ages, Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages, Seven Wonders of the Medieval Mind, and Architectural Wonders of the Middle Ages. However, it is unlikely that these lists originated in the Middle Ages, because the word “medieval” was not invented until the Enlightenment-era, and the concept of a Middle Age did not become popular until the 16th century. Brewer’s Dictionary of Phrase and Fable refers to them as “later list[s]”, suggesting the lists were created after the Middle Ages.